APPENDIX C: GLOSSARY (ENDNOTES)  July 2013

  1. Eternal – everlasting, continual; without beginning or end.
  2. Spirit – a supernatural being; not physical.
  3. Transcendent – existing or living beyond what is material or known through the senses. A transcendent God exists beyond human life and experience.
  4. Judgments – rulings; deciding what is right and wrong.
  5. Trinity – the union of three divine persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) into one Godhead. This Godhead is a unity; it cannot be divided into three different “gods.”
  6. Indivisibly – unable to be divided.
  7. Empowering – giving power or ability to do something.
  8. Baptism – immersion in water. See section on “Baptism” for a more detailed meaning of the biblical teaching and practice for Christians.
  9. Righteousness – doing what is right or virtuous; fulfilling God’s moral law.
  10. Sustainer – that which maintains, supports, and/or strengthens; that which continues the life of something.
  11. Consecrate – set apart as holy; devoting entirely to a specific purpose.
  12. Glory – God’s inexpressible beauty and majesty.
  13. Justice – the practice of dealing fairly (impartially) and rightly with one another.
  14. Prophets – persons called by God to speak in His name.
  15. Conscience – moral awareness; a gift of God which serves as a guardian of morality in distinguishing right from wrong.
  16. Fellowship – companionship; sharing a mutual experience.
  17. Church – the body of Christ’s followers who have entered into a relationship with God through Jesus.
  18. Initiator – one who is responsible for beginning something.
  19. Submission – the act of surrendering to the will of another; a quality of obedience.
  20. Merciful – full of compassion; when kindness exceeds all expectations, especially if punishment is deserved.
  21. Kingdom – the reign or rule of God who is active in history and human events. The kingdom of God (or kingdom of heaven) was inaugurated by Jesus Christ and will be completed in the new heavens and new earth.
  22. Redemptive – describing the process of recovering what was lost by making payment or sacrifice. We are “bought back” from the bondage of sin through the payment of Jesus’ death
  23. High Priest – a description of the person from the Old Testament Jewish Levitical system who offered sacrifices for the atonement of sin; fulfilled in Jesus. God appointed Him as the chief priest who would sacrifice himself so that others would receive the gift of eternal salvation
  24. Covenant – the act of God in freely establishing a mutually binding relationship with humankind.
  25. Mediator – a go-between; one who brings reconciliation between two parties.
  26. Intercedes – makes a request or pleads a case on behalf of another.
  27. Reconciliation – the act by which hostility is removed, and harmony is restored in relationship.
  28. Demons – spirit beings who, like Satan, have been in rebellion against God.
  29. Pentecost – the culmination of the Old Testament Feast of Weeks and the fiftieth day after Passover; it also corresponds to fifty days after the resurrection of Jesus Christ and marks the beginning of the Church.
  30. Sanctification – the act of declaring and making holy; the act of purifying from sin. In the Christian’s life, sanctification can be described as being both instantaneous and gradual (an event and a process).
  31. Regeneration – a spiritual rebirth; the act of being made new and completely transformed. See section on “Regeneration.”
  32. Baptism of the Spirit – the empowering gift of the Holy Spirit in the Christian’s life.
  33. Endows – provides a quality gift.
  34. Communion – an intimate relationship with deep understanding.
  35. Spiritual gifts – special abilities or qualities given by the Holy Spirit to each member of the body of Christ, according to God’s grace and will, for the sake of ministry to others.
  36. Inspired – literally “God-breathed;’ communicated by divine influence.
  37. Infallible – completely dependable, incapable of error or mistake.
  38. Authority – the power or right to command and expect obedience.
  39. Fallible – capable of error; liable to be mistaken or inaccurate.
  40. Salvation – God’s deliverance from the power and effects of sin through the work of Jesus Christ so that humans can enjoy the fullness of life which He intended.
  41. Creed – a summary statement of Christian belief.
  42. Culture – the ideas and values which shape the behavior of a specific group of people.
  43. Canon – the collection of books that the Church recognized as the written Word of God and thus authoritative for faith and practice in the Church.
  44. Apostolic – derived from the direct revelation of God through the original twelve disciples (minus Judas Iscariot) and Paul.
  45. Fallen state – the spiritual, physical, and social consequences imposed upon the entire human race as a result of Adam and Eve’s disobedience.
  46. Only begotten – unique; one of a kind.
  47. Exemplify – to show by example.
  48. Atoning – satisfying for wrongdoing; reconciling.
  49. Abolish – to bring to an end.
  50. Interpretation – an explanation of what is not immediately plain in the Bible.
  51. Theology – the study of the nature of God and Christian faith based on divine self-revelation.
  52. Transform – to radically change.
  53. Precepts – commandments meant as rules of conduct.
  54. Exhortations – strong encouragements; earnest urgings.
  55. Imperceptible – incapable of being understood or discerned by the senses or intellect.
  56. Archeological – pertaining to the scientific study of the life and culture of civilizations by excavating ancient cities, relics, or artifacts.
  57. Theoretical – limited to speculation; hypothetical (not based on proven fact).
  58. Dogmatically – stated opinion in a dictatorial or arrogant manner.
  59. Animated – given life; put into motion.
  60. Soul – the spiritual nature (essence) of individual human life created by God.
  61. DNA – basic material in human beings which contains the genetic code and transmits hereditary patterns.
  62. Procreation – the production of offspring.
  63. Stewards – persons entrusted with managing resources for which they are accountable to God
  64. Sin – the universal state of alienation from God which results in disobedience and wrongdoing.
  65. Serpent – another term for Satan who appears in the Garden of Eden as a snake-like creature.
  66. [Nullify – to void or cancel out.
  67. Grace – the undeserved and free favor of God toward humanity.
  68. Free moral agent – a person able to think and act according to one’s own will and free to choose between good and evil in relationship to God and others.
  69. Supernatural – that which is outside the normal human experience; not explainable by human science.
  70. Sins of omission – failure to do what is right due to ignorance or negligence.
  71. Perceptiveness – ability to comprehend.
  72. Justification – the act of being made acceptable; being freed from blame and guilt.
  73. Guilty – deserving blame and punishment.
  74. Simultaneously – happening or existing at the same time.
  75. Pardon – to cancel punishment; forgiveness.
  76. Culminating – resulting; reaching the highest point.
  77. Appropriated – taken for one’s own.
  78. Glorification – the final stage in salvation when believers attain complete conformity to the image and likeness of the glorified Christ and are freed from both physical and spiritual defect.
  79. Instantaneously – happening all at once, in a single moment.
  80. Progressive – moving forward, ongoing.
  81. Imputed – credited or assigned a quality to someone; a change in status before God because of what He has done for us.
  82. Imparted – given a share or portion of; an internal change in being which comes through receiving a portion of God’s righteousness.
  83. Eradicated – uprooted, wiped out, or destroyed.
  84. Indispensable – essential; absolutely necessary.
  85. Prerequisites – something required beforehand as a necessary condition for what follows.
  86. Apostles’ teaching – see “Apostolic” in glossary (No. 44).
  87. Breaking of bread – could simply imply “eating together,” but commonly understood to mean sharing together in the Lord’s supper as a reminder of the death and resurrection of Jesus.
  88. Mission – God’s redemptive and historical initiative on behalf of His creation.
  89. Wholeness – spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical well-being.
  90. Ordinances –acts authorized, practiced, and endorsed by Christ; religious rites in the Church. See section on “The Ordinances.”
  91. Church discipline – the process of accountability in the Church whereby members receive spiritual nurture and correction (when belief and/or practice are contrary to Scripture).
  92. Presbyterial – relating to a system of church government and organization in which authority is delegated to the elders (or Presbyters).
  93. Elders – persons holding positions of greatest responsibility and authority in local Church leadership. Pastors are considered “teaching elders” in the Church.
  94. Deacons – literally “servant;” persons primarily responsible to serve practical needs in the Church.
  95. Festivals – days of celebration.
  96. Perpetual – ongoing, continuing indefinitely without interruption.
  97. Commemorate – to keep alive the memory of something, especially by ceremony or rite.
  98. Incumbent – necessary for or resting on (someone) as a duty or obligation.
  99. Passion – referring to Christ’s suffering and death on the cross.
  100. Fundamental – essential; radical.
  101. Symbol – something that represents another thing, an object used to represent something abstract.
  102. Eligible – qualified, suitable.
  103. Confession – the act of verbalizing commitment to Christ and His teachings; the act of acknowledging sin.
  104. Immersion – the act of plunging completely under the water.
  105. Incarnation – the event of God taking on flesh (human form and nature).
  106. Pilgrimage – a long journey; a way of living in which everything is evaluated by reaching the goal.
  107. Heavenly city – the destination of every follower of Christ; heaven.
  108. Conjunction – when two or more events or things occur together.
  109. Foretaste – a preliminary glimpse of that which will be fully experienced later.
  110. Decorum – dignity; governed by acceptable standards of behavior.
  111. Sequentially – consecutively; one after another.
  112. Continuity –connectedness.
  113. Purged – eliminated; removed.
  114. Corruptible – that which has been contaminated by sin; morally evil.